On This Day - Thirteen Anniversaries To Mark This October

Written by: Elmtree Press

1. October 1st - 55 years since the birth of Japanese Shinkansen ("bullet trains") begin high-speed rail service from Tokyo to Osaka 

2. The 50th anniversary that Concorde breaks the sound barrier for the first time. (1st Oct 1969)  Learn more about this iconic plane by visiting Aerospace Bristol or the Runway Visitor Centre, Liverpool

3. 10th anniversary that the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom takes over the judicial functions of the House of Lords (1st Oct 2009)

4. 20 years since Britain's House of Lords votes to end the right of hereditary peers to vote in Britain's upper chamber of Parliament. (26th Oct 1999)

5. 20th anniversary of the Ladbroke Grove rail crash in west London kills 31 people. (5th Oct 1999)

6. 30 years ago the convictions of the Guildford Four are quashed by the Court of Appeal of England and Wales, after they had spent 15 years in prison. (19th Oct 1989)

7. 40 years ago the Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy, the first of five books in the Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy comedy science fiction series by Douglas Adams is published. (12th Oct 1979)

8. 50 years since the UK introduces the British fifty-pence coin, which replaces, over the following years, the British ten-shilling note, in anticipation of the decimalization of the British currency in 1971, and the abolition of the shilling as a unit of currency anywhere in the world. (14th Oct 1969).  Visit The Bank of England for more insight into our economy

9. 50th anniversary of the first episode of Monty Python's Flying Circus airs on BBC. (5th Oct 1969) Visit The National Science and Media Museum in Bradford for further insight into the history of TV & Radio

11. 80th anniversary World War II: First attack on British territory by the German Luftwaffe. (16th Oct 1939) Learn more about World War II by visiting the National Army Museum, London, The National Memorial Arboretum, Staffordshire, The National Holocaust Museum, Nottingham  or The Yorkshire Air Museum, York 

12. 80th anniversary the German submarine U-47 sinks the British battleship HMS Royal Oak within her harbour at Scapa Flow, Scotland. (14th Oct 1939)

13. 150 years ago Girton College, Cambridge is founded, becoming England's first residential college for women. (16th Oct 1869)